The SOL-100 sequencing project

The questions  
The aim  

The SOL community will create a common Solanaceae-based genomic framework that includes sequences and phenotypes of 100 genomes encompassing the phylogenetic diversity of the group. Specific objectives are to:

  1. Tie the available tomato, tobacco, potato and Asterid relatives coffee and Mimulus (monkey-flower) genome sequences to a common SOL physical and genetic map as well as other Asterid taxonomic groups, such as Antirrhinum, sweet potato and mint.
  2. Select 100 Solanaceae species and Asterid outgroups (SOL-100) that broadly span the evolutionary tree and reflect important human uses.
  3. Apply emerging novel genome sequencing technologies to SOL-100 and link the sequences to the common SOL physical and genetic maps.
  4. Genetically map simple and complex phenotypes affecting chemical, morphological, yield and fitness-related traits in the SOL-100 species.
  5. Construct bioinformatic vehicles to effectively access and utilize the information generated within SOL-100.
  6. Foster a broadly-based international community of interacting scientists committed to exploring and conserving natural biodiversity.
SOL-100 Organisms click on an organism name to see more details  

The tree below shows organisms that have been proposed for sequencing by the SOL-100 project. Highlighted species are already being sequenced.

Solanaceae Schizanthoideae Schizanthus Schizanthus pinnatus Nicotianoideae Anthocercideae Anthocercis Anthocercis littorea Duboisia Duboisia hopwoodii Anthotroche Anthotroche pannosa Symonanthus Symonanthus bancroftii Grammosolen Grammosolen dixonii Nicotianeae Nicotiana Nicotiana tomentosiformis Nicotiana benthamiana Nicotiana longiflora Nicotiana attenuata Nicotiana tabacum Nicotiana sylvestris Goetzeoideae Goetzea Goetzea elegans Solanoideae Mandragoreae Mandragora Mandragora officinarum Mandragora caulescens Lycieae Grabowskia Grabowskia boerhaviifolia Lycium Lycium carolinianum Lycium barbarum Lycium ferocissimum Phrodus Phrodus microphyllus Solanoideae incertae sedis Nothocestrum Nothocestrum latifolium Latua Latua pubiflora Juanulloeae Schultesianthus Schultesianthus leucanthus Dyssochroma Dyssochroma viridiflora Markea Markea ulei Capsiceae Lycianthes Lycianthes biflora Lycianthes multiflora Lycianthes moziniana Capsicum Capsicum annuum Capsicum pubescens Jaboroseae Discopodium Discopodium penninervium Jaborosa Jaborosa sativa Jaborosa integrifolia Physaleae Tubocapsicum Tubocapsicum anomalum Dunalia Dunalia solanacea Withania Withania frutescens Withania somnifera Iochroma Iochroma australe Iochroma cyaneum Iochroma fuchsioides Witheringia Witheringia solanacea Cuatresia Cuatresia riparia Chamaesaracha Chamaesaracha coronopus Physalis Physalis peruviana Physalis alkekengi Physalis ixocarpa Saracha Saracha punctata Aureliana Aureliana fasciculata Acnistus Acnistus arborescens Salpichroa Salpichroa origanifolia Athenaea Athenaea sp. Bohs 91 Nolaneae Nolana Nolana humifusa Nolana galapagensis Nicandreae Exodeconus Exodeconus miersii Nicandra Nicandra physalodes Solaneae Jaltomata Jaltomata procumbens Solanum Solanum torvum Solanum nigrum Solanum tuberosum Solanum phureja Solanum retroflexum Solanum lycopersicoides Solanum aethiopicum Solanum etuberosum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum erianthum Solanum americanum Solanum laxum Lycopersicon Solanum chilense Solanum neorickii Solanum galapagense Solanum pimpinellifolium Solanum pennellii Solanum huaylasense Solanum corneliomuelleri Solanum chmielewskii Solanum peruvianum Solanum cheesmaniae Solanum arcanum Solanum lycopersicum Solanum habrochaites Solanum verrucosum Solanum dulcamara Solanum melongena Datureae Protoschwenkia Protoschwenkia mandonii Brugmansia Brugmansia x candida Datura Datura metel Datura stramonium Hyoscyameae Physochlaina Physochlaina orientalis Hyoscyamus Hyoscyamus niger Przewalskia Przewalskia tangutica Atropa Atropa belladonna Anisodus Anisodus luridus Scopolia Scopolia carniolica Solandreae Solandra Solandra brachycalyx Juanulloa Juanulloa mexicana Benthamiellieae Pantacantha Pantacantha ameghinoi Combera Combera paradoxa Petunioideae Petunia Petunia axillaris Petunia integrifolia Petunia integrifolia subsp. inflata Petunia x hybrida Fabiana Fabiana imbricata Nierembergia Nierembergia scoparia Calibrachoa Calibrachoa parviflora Brunfelsia Brunfelsia americana Brunfelsia uniflora Solanaceae incertae sedis Sclerophylax Sclerophylax sp. Nee and Bohs 50857 Duckeodendron Duckeodendron cestroides Schwenckioideae Schwenckia Schwenckia americana Cestroideae Cestreae Vestia Vestia foetida Sessea Sessea corymbiflora Metternichia Metternichia princeps Cestrum Cestrum elegans Cestrum nocturnum Tsoala Tsoala tubiflora Browallieae Browallia Browallia americana Streptosolen Streptosolen jamesonii Salpiglossideae Salpiglossis Salpiglossis sinuata
Who are we?  

The International SOL Genome Project (SOL) is a "virtual umbrella" organization for promoting, coordinating and actively seeking additional scientists, countries and funding agencies to participate in an expedition to understand, utilize and conserve natural biodiversity (see SOL includes scientists from more than 30 countries that are united and excited about the sustainable and equitable use of natural biodiversity in biological research, plant breeding and conservation of these resources for the future. The SOL community has sequenced both the tomato genome and the potato genome through grants from national funding agencies as well as international collaborative projects.

Mathilde Causse, Jeanne Jacobs, Glenn Bryan, Harry Klee, Sanwen Huan, and René Klein Lankhorst
Submit genome to SGN 
If you are sequencing a SOL-100 genome, please submit the genome to SGN.

Submission to SGN requires prior submission to Genbank and a Genbank Project ID. Please contact Brian Smith-White at Genbank or SGN for more information.